Put down the juice box. A new observational study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), says that over-consumption of fruit juice is associated with a 42% increase of premature death.
The data within the new report also intimates that while sugar found naturally in 100% fruit juice might not be as deleterious as sugar-sweetened beverages, consumption should be still be limited in children and adults, especially for those wishing to mitigate weight gain. The content in these beverages has the potential to surge insulin resistance in addition to promoting weight gain around the waist. Ultimately, obesity is the culprit behind the sharp mortality rates occasioned in JAMA’s study, though the statistics are certainly informed by sugary beverage intake.
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What constitutes as over-consumption?
By analyzing death records, and dietary surveys from 13,000 individuals over the age of 45 for roughly six years, researchers determined that individuals that receive 10% or more of their daily calorie intake from sugary beverages increase their risk for premature death by 14%. More specifically, this intake was associated with a 44% risk increase in premature deaths due to coronary heart disease.
Collectively, the study reported a 24% premature death increase of any cause associated with each additional 12 ounce serving of fruit juice consumed. Roughly 60% of the participants reviewed were men, and nearly 71% were either obese or overweight.
Regarding the recent findings, dietician Kate Patton stressed to CBS Philly, that portion size is the most salient takeaway here, given that premature death increase begins with habitually consuming more than the recommended amount of any sugar-sweetened drink over time. Patton, recommends her patients consume no more than four to eight ounces of juice a day. The American Academy for Pediatrics recommends children between the ages of one and six, limit their fruit juice intake to six ounces a day.
Jean A. Welsh, a co-author the new study and an assistant professor in the Department of Pediatrics at Emory University in Atlanta, intends to conduct further research to establish a more concrete connection. Welsh explains, “I’m looking at our results for sugar-sweetened beverages and juices independently, we need to be clear that the risk presented is relative to that present in the lowest consumers of each.”
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