7 damaging racial microaggressions you may be guilty of using at work, according to a psychologist

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“Reminder that the ‘micro’ prefix in ‘microaggression’ isn’t a measurement of the size of the slight. It means it happens at the ‘micro’ level, i.e. between individuals. This is in contrast to the ‘macro’ level, which refers to social structures and institutions.”

That’s the quote from Dr. Robert L. Reece, a sociologist at the University of Texas — Austin, that Black and Brown-owned parenting and education group The Conscious Kid used to introduce their mini-lesson on microaggressions.

The lesson is adapted from Psychologist Derald Wing Sue’s Microaggressions in Everyday Life: Race, Gender and Sexual Orientation which explains there are seven types of racial microaggressions, what he defined as “brief and commonplace daily verbal, behavioral and environmental indignities that communicate hostile, derogatory or negative slights and insults to marginalized individuals or groups.”

According to best-selling author and professor Dr. Ibraham X. Kendi, one important part of antiracist work is understanding and shutting down racist ideas and actions that substantiate racist policy. That means learning about the microaggressions that are, unfortunately, still common in our workplaces then making sure we are correcting ourselves and others.

Here are the seven types of microaggressions and examples of each so you can do just that, via @theconsciouskid on Instagram. You can click on any of the screenshots below to access the group’s post on Instagram.

1. The “foreigner in own country” microaggression

This microaggression communicates that the speaker assumes a Person of Color is foreign-born — and that “born and bred” Americans only look one way.

2. The “ascription of intelligence” microaggression

These types of microaggressions suggest someone’s intelligence is dependent on their race and some races are more intelligent than others.

3. The “color evasiveness” microaggression

These messages indicate a white person doesn’t want to acknowledge race, suggests People of Color should assimilate to dominate white culture, and denies a Person of Color’s experiences and ability to be a racial and cultural being.

4. The “assumption of criminal status” microaggression

This message communicates that the speaker thinks a Person of Color is inherently dangerous or deviant because of their race.

5. The “denial of individual racism” microaggression

These microaggressions occur when a white person denies their own racism and racial biases, silencing or downplaying the concerns of the People of Color they’re speaking with.

6. The “myth of meritocracy” microaggression

These microaggressions suggest that race doesn’t play a role in success. They’re often used to discredit anti-racist policies like affirmative action and suggest People of Color simply need to work harder to correct racial inequity.

7. The “pathologizing cultural values or communication styles” microaggression

Microaggressions of this type communicate that white cultural values and communication styles are ideal and ask People of Color to assimilate to them and deny their own culture.

A version of this post previously appeared on Fairygodboss, the largest career community that helps women get the inside scoop on pay, corporate culture, benefits, and work flexibility. Founded in 2015, Fairygodboss offers company ratings, job listings, discussion boards, and career advice.