Dementia is an umbrella term diagnosed by the attendance of a series of cognition related maladies. Its most common form is a neurogenerative condition called Alzheimer disease. The majority of purported causal factors are rated pretty cheaply, though Amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles are widely suspected to play a role in its pathophysiology.
Prognosis is dependent on its form: Sporadic and familial. About 90% to 95% of cases are sporadic, meaning the risk increases dramatically with age. It is also the most commonly reported form, claiming 50% of people over the age of 85. Familial Alzheimers occurs when a dominant, inherited gene speeds up the progression of the disease.
Nearly 5.8 million Americans are currently battling the illness, and experts have been fossilized before a cacophony of would-be solutions to one of the most elusive diseases in history. Medical professionals get closer and closer to locating all of the correlative risks, with a new study released this past Sunday, indexing lifestyle changes in particular that have been shown to lower one’s risk for the condition by 60%.
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Exploring the correlative factors
“People that had a healthy lifestyle actually had less chance of developing dementia. That’s really exciting because it means there is something you can do today even to overcome what you’ve inherited,” explained Dr. Maria Carrillo, chief science officer at the Alzheimer’s Association, which is the international conference that debuted these promising finds.
Diet, moderate to vigorous physical activity, abstaining from smoking, light to moderate drinking, and engaging in activities that stimulate the mind. People that adhered to this rubric reduced their risk of developing the disease conceivably, even if they were genetically predisposed to develop it.
The pioneering research was energized by non-drug approaches to preventing the disease. Dr. Klodian Dhana at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago tracked 2,500 people for just about ten years. Less broadly, non-smokers that adopted a low-fat diet, exercised at least 150 minutes a week, drank moderately and engaged in late-life brain-stimulating activities evidenced the lowest cases of dementia by a sizable margin-a margin that increased in accordance with how faithful the participant was to these factors. Even still those that only exercised two or three of these lifestyle changes were associated with a 39% risk decrease for developing dementia-related conditions.