As Americans marijuana usages continue to climb, workplaces are taking a more lenient approach to drug testing.
The Rockefeller Institute of Government recently released a new study looking into marijuana usage, finding more and more Americans are toking up big-time in all 50 states, whether it’s illegal or legal. In states where weed legalization hasn’t been passed, marijuana usage has grown 33% since 2002.
That number is even higher — 47% — adult-use per-month in the 11 states where’s it’s been legalized, according to the study. As more Americans become taxed about pot use, it shouldn’t be shocking that positive drug tests have skyrocketed in the workforce in nearly the same time period.
Workforce drug positivity reached a fourteen-year high in 2018, according to an analysis by Quest Diagnostics, which discovered nearly a 5% increase (4.4%) in urine drug tests since 2017. The study based its analysis of nearly 9 million workforce urine drug tests performed between January and December 2018.
Cannabis ranked as the most popular substance found on positive tests from specimen types like urine, oral fluid, and hair. Marijuana positivity increased by almost 8% in urine tests for the general US workforce since 2017 and nearly 17% since 2004.
But even with the rise in marijuana use, are jobs screening nearly as much as they used to? A separate study conducted by the American Addiction Centers used job postings on Glassdoor to see what types of jobs would require pre-employment drug tests and regular drug screenings.
They found that fewer jobs actually require pre-employment drug tests, with lower than 2% of jobs requiring pre-employment screenings. New York City had the lowest percentage (0.46%) of jobs requiring a pre-hiring drug test in the country, according to the study. The industries where testing is conducted the most is government, health care and hospital, and manufacturing jobs. Those working in human resources, farming, customer services, and administrative careers require the fewest.
For regular drug screenings, healthcare and hospital jobs were the most common to require it. Transportation and logistics also ranked high while customer service and support were the lowest, with media and publishing and accounting and legal just above it.