A poor diet can lead to a myriad of health problems and new research shows yet another devastating effect of food choices throughout life.
A new study from the University of Buffalo found that people who ate a diet that largely consisted of red meat, fried foods, high-fat dairy, and refined grains were three times more likely to develop late-stage Age-related macular degeneration or AMD. This occurs when the macula, which is in the retina, is damaged resulting in the loss of central vision. When caught too late this is an irreversible condition.
To be clear a diet that consisted of all these not healthy foods, known as a Western dietary pattern, was not associated with early AMD. The team found this out by looking at subjects participating in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study over 18 years (1987-1995.) Using data on 66 different foods consumed by the subjects they found that two patterns were followed: Western and the healthier “prudent.”
The subjects that did not have AMD or early AMD at the beginning of the study and followed the unhealthier Western pattern, were more likely to develop late-stage AMD 18 years later,.
It should be noted that not everyone who has early AMD will develop late AMD.
The study is published in the British Journal of Ophthalmology.