“Though we are seeing a meaningful decline in new COVID-19 cases, the trends in economic indicators have not changed significantly,” BofA Global Research explained in a recent investors note.“There continue to be signs that the recovery is slowing at best and at worst is reversing somewhat. We likely need to see daily COVID-19 cases decline much more significantly in order for gains in economic activity to accelerate meaningfully.”
For Americans to effectively adjust to a post-pandemic job market, a level playing field needs to be established.
Although the majority of hiring managers said that they privilege competence above all else, this was only found to be consistently true among male candidates.
Women not only had to advertise competence, but they also had to score high in friendliness and morality to have an edge over their counterparts.
Moreover, if male and female candidates perform with a comparable degree of competence, employers are more likely to go with the male applicant.
The study, titled “Men Should Be Competent, Women Should Have it All: Multiple Criteria in the Evaluation of Female Job Candidates”, was co-authored by Silvia Moscatelli, Michela Menegatti, Naomi Ellemers, Marco Giovanni Mariani, and Monica Rubini.
“The present research investigated whether evaluations of female and male job candidates rely on different dimensions. Going beyond previous studies on the role of gender stereotypes, we examined the relative importance of competence, morality, and sociability in employment decisions,” the authors wrote in the new paper. “In Study 1, we content-analyzed 68 archival reports of professionals to explore the extent to which they spontaneously referred to the three dimensions in evaluations of women and men. In Study 2, 259 Italian student participants rated the importance of different traits in hiring a female or male candidate for a job position. “
After the authors collected data from the first two studies, they conducted two more to verify results.
In the third and fourth, male and female candidates were put through a mock interview with college students.
Even though both candidates were rated similarly on competence and morality, men were only evaluated based on the former, while women were assessed on all available parameters.
Despite similar performances, there was a preference for men over women.
“These findings suggest that women must ‘have it all’ to have a chance to be selected and, if they do not, they might be targets of a perfection bias: Because women are judged on multiple dimensions, they might be required to excel in every domain against which they are evaluated.” the authors concluded in a release. “Overall, competence played a key role in evaluation and employment decisions. However, the findings revealed that women are evaluated against more criteria than men are and that women’s weaknesses along a single dimension are likely to affect employment decisions.”