The Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company was a holding company of manufacturers of record-keeping and measuring systems subsequently known as IBM.
In 1911 financier and noted trust organizer, "Father of Trusts", Charles R. Flint amalgamated four companies: Bundy Manufacturing Company, International Time Recording Company, the Tabulating Machine Company, and the Computing Scale Company of America; creating a fifth company – the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company.
CTR was initially located in Endicott, New York The amalgamated companies had 1,300 employees and manufactured a wide range of products, including employee time-keeping systems, weighing scales, automatic meat slicers, and punched card equipment.
CTR was renamed International Business Machines in 1924.
The individual companies continued to operate using their established names until the businesses were integrated in 1933 and the holding company eliminated.