The University of Calgary (U of C or UCalgary) is a public research university located in Calgary, Alberta. UCalgary started in 1945 as the Calgary branch of the University of Alberta, founded in 1908, prior to being instituted into a separate university in 1966. It is composed of 14 faculties and over 85 research institutes and centres. The main campus is located in the northwest quadrant of the city near the Bow River and a smaller south campus is located in the city center. The University of Calgary was ranked #1 in both Canada and North America by the QS World Universities Ranking (Top 50 under 50) and the Times Higher Education Rankings (Top 150 under 50) in 2016. Its enrollment is approximately 20,000 undergraduate and 5,000 graduate students with over 155,000 alumni in 152 countries, including James Gosling, OC who invented the Java computer language, former Prime Minister of Canada, Stephen Harper, and Canadian astronaut Robert Thirsk. A member of the U15, The University of Calgary is also one of Canada’s top research universities (based on the number of Canada Research Chairs) and has recently partnered with the University of Edinburgh to collaborate on joint student programs and research. Additionally, the University of Calgary has established student exchange programs with a wide variety of institutions around the world including ESSEC Business School and Sciences Po in France, Peking University, National University of Singapore, Leiden University, Erasmus University Rotterdam, University of Auckland, the Karolinska Institute, and the University of Oxford.