ENSCO is a provider of engineering, science, and advanced technology equipment for the defense, security, transportation, and aerospace industries. ENSCO's corporate headquarters are located in Springfield, Va. The company manufactured the track geometry cars for the Washington Metro. The company is the designer and operator of Applied Meteorology Unit at the Kennedy Space Center for NASA. The company operates four divisions: rail technology, national security, avionics, and aerospace. The company provides products for security and early-warning systems, including a product designed to detect human presence in intermodal containers and in vehicles. In the area of CBRN defense, the company has produced an early-warning decision and support system using integrated sensor technologies. ENSCO's avionics and aerospace products and services include those for space launch ranges, air safety, the development of embedded software, and the certification of avionics systems. The company does safety-critical systems engineering to identify underperforming or nonperforming components for the aerospace industry. The company's engineering for the aerospace industry adheres to the RTCA, Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics' DO-178C, RTCA's DO-254,, RTCA's DO-160E, and US military standards. The company's weather technologies division provides analysis and visualization of meteorological information, including radar, satellite, lightning, wind, and upper air data from worldwide sources. The firm provides analytical services to operations at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and the Kennedy Space Center. ENSCO's transportation engineering services include systems for railroads, advanced rail security and safety services and technologies including track inspection and maintenance, track geometry data analysis and management, vehicle testing, inspection, troubleshooting, and train status location information. The company operates and maintains the Federal Railroad Administration's Automated Track Inspection Program. The company was established by Dr. Paul W. Broome in 1969. In 1982, Francesco A. Calabrese became president of the company. In 1997, Broome retired as chief executive officer of the company. In 2005, the company was hired by United Airlines to generate weather forecasts. Also in 2005, the company opened an office in Watervliet, New York. In 2011, the company opened an office in Montreal, its first international operation, to service the avionics market. In April 2011, the company acquired the IData and IGL 178 product lines from Quantum3D. In April 2013, the company was awarded a contract by Bombardier to provide wheel sets and testing services in support of Bombardier's design and build of new railcars for the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. In October 2014, Boris Nejikovsky was named president of the company. In July 2015, the company received a contract to build a track inspection vehicle for Roy Hill Infrastructure in Western Australia. The company also received a contract to equip two Canadian National Railway hi-rail vehicles with both a track geometry measurement system and a machine vision joint bar inspection system. In August 2015, the company was awarded a contract by Genesee & Wyoming for a paperless track inspection device. In January 2016, the company opened an office in Perth. In March 2017, the company was awarded a $74 million contract by the United States Air Force to provide modeling software and engineering support. In April 2017, the company was awarded a contract by the Federal Railroad Administration for the Automated Track Inspection Program. In January 2018, Paul W. Broome, the founder of the company, died.