UF Health Jacksonville is a teaching hospital and medical system of the University of Florida in Jacksonville, Florida, United States. Part of the larger University of Florida Health system, it includes the UF Health Jacksonville hospital, associated clinics, and is the Jacksonville campus of UFs Health Science Center. Together with UF Health Shands Hospital, UF Health Jacksonville (formerly Shands Jacksonville) is one of two academic hospitals in the UF Health system, and serves 19 counties in Florida and several in Georgia. The campus is home to North Floridas Level I trauma center and, in 2006, became home to one of the nations few proton therapy treatment facilities. Through its association with the University of Florida, it offers classes and degrees through the universitys College of Medicine, College of Nursing, and College of Pharmacy. Originally known as Shands Jacksonville Medical Center, the hospital was created in 1999 when Gainesville-based Shands HealthCare purchased two adjacent medical facilities in Jacksonville - University Medical Center and Methodist Medical Center. The lineage of the hospital can be traced back to 1870 when Jacksonvilles first hospital and Floridas first non-military hospital, Duval Hospital and Asylum, was established at the corner of Jessie and Franklin Streets in downtown Jacksonville.