TransPerfect Translations, known as "TransPerfect", is a translation services company based in New York City. The company provides "translation and discovery services" primarily to companies in the legal and healthcare fields. As of 2012[update], TransPerfect was "the largest privately owned language services provider, with offices in 75 cities worldwide". TransPerfect founders Liz Elting and Phil Shawe met in a New York University (NYU) dormitory room and founded the company in 1992. With no external financing, TransPerfect grew from a two-person dormitory-based operation into one of the 125 largest privately held companies in the New York area. In July 2013, TransPerfect prevailed in a U.S. Federal patent trial against competitor MotionPoint. The trial began as a result of MotionPoints claim that TransPerfects use of its own translation technology patent was invalid. TransPerfect chose to take the matter to court to defend its intellectual property, and MotionPoint filed a counter-suit. After three weeks of arguments, a California jury voted in favor TransPerfect and awarded $1 million in damages. In July 2015, the United States Patent and Trademark Office Trial and Appeal Board ruled that the claims of the Transperfect patent in question was unpatentable.