Trafigura Beheer BV is a Dutch multinational commodity trading company founded in 1993 that trades in base metals and energy, including oil. It is the worlds third largest private oil and metals trader after Vitol and Glencore. Trafigura was set up by Claude Dauphin and Eric de Turckheim. It split off from a group of companies managed by Marc Rich in 1993. Before his death, in Septembre 2015, Dauphin owned less than 20% of the company, with the rest owned by 500 senior staff. Trafigura has been named or involved in several scandals, particularly the 2006 Côte d'Ivoire toxic waste dump, which left up to 100,000 people with skin rashes, headaches and respiratory problems. The company was also involved in the Iraq Oil-for-Food Scandal.