Smiths Food & Drug Centers, Inc. was founded in 1911 in Brigham City, Utah, by Lorenzo J. Smith. A subsidiary of The Kroger Company, it is a leading regional supermarket chain operating in the Southwest, Northwest, and Tennessee. After completing a merger with Portland-based Fred Meyer in 1997, Fred Meyer was in turn acquired by Cincinnati-based Kroger in 1999, making Kroger the largest supermarket chain in the United States. Its headquarters are in Salt Lake City. Smiths began in 1911 when Lorenzo J. "Ren" Smith opened a small dry goods store in Brigham City, Utah. It was replaced with a larger store across the street in 1922, and renamed "Smith & Sons Market" in 1932. When his son Dee Glen Smith joined the business after serving in World War II, he began immediately expanding it. The companys growth ramped up significantly from 1946 onward. It changed its name to Smiths Super Markets in 1952. When Dee Smith took over as president upon his fathers death in 1958, he discovered Brigham City was saturated, and felt the only option was to expand to other markets. Through partnerships and acquisitions Dee Smith built the company, until his death at age 58 in 1984. Later, Dees son Jeff Smith became Chairman and CEO of Smiths. In 1989 the company completed its initial public offering and shares of the company started trading on the New York Stock Exchange.