Republic Airways Holdings, Inc. is an American airline holding corporation based in Indianapolis, Indiana, that owns two American regional airlines operating in the Midwestern United States: Republic Airlines and Shuttle America. Republic Airlines operates a fleet of Embraer E-Jet family 170, and 175 aircraft, and Shuttle America operates the Embraer ERJ 145, E-Jet 170 and 175. The company traces its roots to Chautauqua Airlines, founded in 1973 in Jamestown, New York, by Joel and Gloria Hall. Joel had been a pilot for Mohawk Airlines. Chautauqua was one of the first airlines to fly under code shares, initially with Allegheny Airlines which later became USAirways.