Pano Logic was a manufacturer of devices which present virtual desktops to the end user with no local processing power (a contrast with thin client technologies). They describe this concept as "zero client". This is perceived as offering benefits in end-user support and in power provision to desks. OEM versions have been included in displays from some vendors, allowing a single unit to be deployed. The company failed in October 2012. In March 2013, Propalms announced they had acquired the rights to support Panologic customers, and will "help transition the customer base to a new platform". Pano Logic devices support both VMware and Microsofts Hyper-V hypervisors as well as the Windows XP and Windows 7 operating systems, support for which was launched in April 2010 with the release of Pano System 3.0. Pano Logic also introduced in May 2010 the Pano Express, a pre-loaded, pre-configured 50-user suite combining VMware vSphere Essentials, Microsoft Windows 7 licenses, and server and storage hardware with Pano Logic’s 3.0 zero client platform. The Pano Logic platform has three main components. The software components are Pano Manager and Pano Direct Service. The hardware bit is the Pano Zero Client (sometimes called the Pano Device). Pano Logic offers an additional accessory, the Pano Remote. This is an encrypted token-like device which allows remote users to access their virtual PCs from a PC The Pano System uses Pano Direct Technology, including the Pano Direct Protocol—a UDP-based low-level bus-extension protocol—to provide a remote Windows desktop experience across a local area network (LAN). Pano states that this provides better computer performance than commonly using protocols originally developed for terminal services such RDP and ICA. The Pano System runs desktop virtual machines on centralized servers using a bare-metal hypervisor, or virtual machine management layer, from VMwares vSphere or VI3 suites - specifically VMware ESX Server and ESXi 3.x or later.