The Métis/; French: ) are a multi ancestral indigenous group in Canada and parts of the United States. While not all Métis belong to the "Métis Nations" who have organized communities between the Great Lakes region and the Rocky Mountains the origins of this term and the historical record clearly indicate that it refers to all people of mixed Indigenous North American and European heritage. Since the late 20th century, Métis in Canada have been recognized as a distinct Indigenous people under the Constitution Act of 1982 and have a population of 587,545 as of 2016. Smaller communities self-identifying as Métis exist in Canada and the United States, such as the Little Shell Tribe of Montana. The Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians are recognized as Indian. There is debate even within the Little Shell as to whether the Métis should even be allowed to enroll. While there is much history and territory shared between the Ojibwe and Montana's Métis, Métis in parts of Canada United States remain unrecognized. The Métis ethnogenesis began in the fur trade and they have been an important group in the history of Canada, as well as the foundation of the province of Manitoba. The Métis Nation have homelands and communities in the U.S., as well as in Canada, that have been separated by the drawing of the U.S.-Canada border at the 49th parallel North. Alberta is the only province in Canada with a recognized Métis Nation landbase, the eight Métis Nation Settlements, with a population of approximately 5,000 people on 1.25 million acres.