Mandarin Oriental Hotel Group (MOHG) (Chinese: ??????), a member of the Jardine Matheson Group, is a British international hotel investment and management group with luxury hotels, resorts and residences in Asia, Europe and the Americas. Although 1876 was the ‘official’ opening year of the Oriental Hotel, the origin of the ‘Oriental’ side of the Mandarin Oriental can be traced back as early as 1863, when two Americans, Captain Atkins Dyer and William West, opened the Oriental Hotel in Bangkok, Siam (now Thailand): however, the original building burnt down only two years later, on 11 June 1865. However, the history of the ‘Mandarin’ side of the group is comparatively recent: the The Mandarin hotel only opened in 1963, in the Central District of Hong Kong Island. In 1973, The Excelsior Hotel, which continues to use a separate brand today, opened in Causeway Bay.