Golder Associates is an employee-owned, global company providing consulting, design, and construction services in earth, environment, and related areas of energy. Its more than 8,000 employees operate from more than 180 offices in Africa, Asia, Australasia, Europe, North America and South America. Golder serves the manufacturing, mining, oil and gas, power, urban development and infrastructure sectors. The company was founded in Toronto, Ontario, Canada in 1960 by Hugh Golder, Victor Milligan, Larry Soderman, under the name H.Q. Golder and Associates, and focussed on soil mechanics and ground engineering. In the 1970s, the service offering expanded to include rock mechanics. In the 1980s the company’s groundwater practice evolved to encompass the broader field of hydrogeology, with particular expertise in contaminated soil and groundwater. In the early 1990s, as public awareness of environmental issues increased, Golder added biological capabilities – including aquatic and terrestrial biology – to its range of services. Hydrology and hydraulic engineering were added in the late 1990s, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS), information management, cultural sciences and energy services were added in the 2000s.