Cooley LLP is an international law firm headquartered in Palo Alto, California, with offices throughout United States, the United Kingdom and China. The firms practice areas include corporate, litigation, intellectual property, fund formation, public markets, employment, life sciences, clean technology, real estate, financial services, retail, regulatory and energy. Cooley has been recognized as a leader for its technology practice including its experience with initial public offerings (IPOs). According to Law360, Cooley is "widely regarded as one of Silicon Valleys go-to law firms." Cooley was founded by Arthur Cooley and Louis Crowley in 1920 in San Francisco. In 1958, Cooley formed Draper, Gaither and Anderson, the first venture capital partnership to be organized on the West Coast. Also in the 1950s, Cooley formed Raychem and National Semiconductor, one of the original chip companies that gave "Silicon Valley" its name. In 1971 the firm (then Cooley, Crowley, Gaither, Godward, Castro & Huddleson) began representing Disney in the controversial copyright and trademark infringement case Walt Disney Productions v. Air Pirates. In the late 1980s, the firm moved into the tech area Palo Alto, from its then base in San Francisco. In 1989, the firm (then Cooley, Godward, Castro, Huddleson & Tatum) facilitated the IPO of Qualcomm. On October 31, 2006, Cooley LLP (then Cooley Godward) merged with Kronish Lieb Weiner & Hellman, which resulted in the firm growing from 440 lawyers to 550. In the announcement of the merger, the New York Times referred to Cooley as a "Leading Silicon Valley law firm". Like many other law firms, however, the firm laid off 114 people in 2009 from its offices, citing "the uncertain economy". Cooley has offices in 10 United States cities, one in London and one in Shanghai. It also had an office in Kirkland, Washington, which it closed in the early 2000s.