The State University of New York at Buffalo is a public research university with campuses in Buffalo and Amherst, New York, United States. It is commonly referred to as the University at Buffalo (UB) or SUNY Buffalo, and it was formerly known as the University of Buffalo. The university was founded in 1846 as a private college, but in 1962 merged with the State University of New York (SUNY) system. By enrollment, UB is the largest in the SUNY system, and also the largest public university in the northeastern United States (consisting of New York state and the New England region). UB also has the largest endowment and research funding, as a comprehensive university center in the SUNY system. As of 2016[update], the university enrolls 29,806 students in 13 colleges. In addition to the College of Arts and Sciences, the university houses the largest state-operated medical school, dental school, education school, business school, engineering school, and also features the only state law school, architecture and urban planning school, and pharmacy school in the state of New York. The university offers over 100 bachelors, 205 masters, 84 doctoral, and 10 professional areas of study. According to the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, the University at Buffalo is a Doctoral University with the Highest research activity (R1). In 1989, UB was elected to the Association of American Universities, which represents 62 prestigious, leading research universities in the United States and Canada. UBs alumni and faculty have included a Prime Minister, astronauts, Nobel laureates, Pulitzer Prize winners, 3 billionaires, Academy Award winners, Emmy Award winners, Fulbright Scholars, and Rhodes Scholars. The university was founded by Millard Fillmore, who served as the schools first chancellor and later served as U.S. President, making UB one of the only two universities founded by a U.S. President.