The Big Spring School District is a midsized, rural, public school district which serves the residents of the Borough of Newville and Cooke Township, Lower Frankford Township, Lower Mifflin Township, North Newton Township, Penn Township, South Newton Township, Upper Frankford Township, Upper Mifflin Township and West Pennsboro Township in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. Big Spring School District encompasses approximately 198 square miles (510 km2). By 2010, the Districts population increased to 19,098 people. According to 2008 local census data it served a resident population of 18,665. The educational attainment levels for the Big Spring School District population (25 years old and over) were 84.3% high school graduates and 14% college graduates. The District is one of the 500 public school districts of Pennsylvania. According to the Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center, 29.8% of the Districts pupils lived at 185% or below the Federal Poverty Level as shown by their eligibility for the federal free or reduced price school meal programs in 2012. In 2009, the residents per capita income was $18,057, while the median family income was $47,347. In the Commonwealth, the median family income was $49,501 and the United States median family income was $49,445, in 2010. By 2013, the median household income in the United States rose to $52,100. The Big Spring School District is one of the 500 public school districts of Pennsylvania. According to District officials, in school year 2007-08, Big Spring School District provided basic educational services to 3,082 pupils through the employment of 257 teachers, 175 full-time and part-time support personnel, and 18 administrators. In school year 2009-10, Big Spring School District provided basic educational services to 2,945 pupils. The District employed: 257 teachers, 194 full-time and part-time support personnel and 16 administrators. Big Spring School District received more than $15.9 million in state funding in school year 2009-10. The District enrollment declined to 2,846 pupils in 2011-12. It employed: 228 teachers, 168 full-time and part-time support personnel, and retained sixteen (16) administrators during the 2011-12 school year. The District received $15.7 million in state funding in the 2011-12 school year.