Advantest Corporation (????????????) is a leading manufacturer of automatic test equipment (ATE) for the semiconductor industry, and a manufacturer of measuring instruments used in the design, production and maintenance of electronic systems including fiber optic and wireless communications equipment and digital consumer products. Based in Tokyo, Advantest is a leading producer of Memory, SoC and RF test systems. For the year ending March 31, 2009, the company reported a loss of ¥74.9 billion on revenues of ¥76.7 billion (US$780 million). At March 31, 2010, the company lost ¥11.5 billion on revenues of ¥53.2 billion. Advantest was founded in Japan in 1954 as Takeda Riken Industry Co., Ltd., and was a maker of electronic measuring instruments. The company entered the semiconductor testing business in 1972, began trading on the Tokyo Stock Exchange in 1983 and changed its name to Advantest Corporation in 1985 The company’s stock began trading on the New York Stock Exchange in 2001. Expanding its semiconductor test business, Advantest established its North American subsidiary, Advantest America, in 1982, and its European operations in Munich in 1983, to locate its sales and service operations closer to its North American and European customers. The company also has subsidiaries throughout Asia and operates in 13 countries. With the integration with Verigy completed, the company currently has approximately 4,500 employees worldwide.